细分潜在的索赔因素

来源:上海贸易律师网  时间:2011/12/23   

 

一、货物问题

1、 水湿
索赔内容:A、水湿水分的价值损失部分
B、水分的通关税费损失部分
C、水湿造成货物霉烂等变质损失
1)霉烂等变质造成的价值损失部分
2)霉烂等变质造成的通关税费损失部分
2、 缺吨
1)缺吨造成的价值损失部分
2)缺吨造成的通关税费损失部分
3、 杂质含量高超标
1)杂质超标部分造成的价值损失部分
2)杂质超标部分造成的通关税费损失部分
4、 禁止物含量超标
1)禁止物超标部分造成的价值损失部分
2)禁止物超标部分造成的通关税费损失部分
禁止物超标造成退运
1) 卖方应该退还全部货款;
2) 卖方应该承担退运造成的其他所有损失,包含买方的通关费用、港口费用、银行费用等;
5、 发错了货-----货物品种和合同不符
1) 作退货处理;
2) 买卖双方协商解决。
在该种情况下,买方必须让第三方-----商检公司出具商检证书。
6、 1~5条的索赔,多项发生,进行累计计算。
7、 水湿、杂质超标、禁止物超标等测算方法
1) 港口或工厂开箱后,买方掏箱的时候,应当记录如下:
A、 提单号/信用证号
B、 集装箱号
C、 记录某个集装箱内的水湿包/卷数,每包/卷的水湿程度;
D、 记录某个集装箱内的杂质超标包/卷数,每包/卷的杂质超标程度;
E、 记录某个集装箱内的禁止物超标包/卷数,每包/卷的禁止物超标程度;
F、 对上述集装箱/货物照相记录。
2) 买方需要索赔的物品,应当按照水湿/杂质超标等等分类单独规则码垛,以便于卖方勘察;
3) 如果买方没有按照该上述方法处理,卖方可以拒绝勘察不以理赔。

二、支付问题
8、 开完信用证不发货或少发货
1) 卖方应该承担买方开立信用证的损失:
A、 银行的开证费:按照银行收据计算;
B、 买方买卖外汇的汇率差损失:按照银行收据计算;
C、 开证劳务费损失:每单100美金计算。
2)卖方想买方支付3%的合同总额的违约金。

三、船运问题
9、 免箱期:
1) 不得少与14天;
2) 如果卖方租船,免箱期少于14天,一旦造成有关船务公司滞箱、港口公司的滞港、海关的滞报等费用,应该由买方承担。
3) 因为卖方因素造成的免箱期不足,卖方应该协助买方顺延免箱期。
10、 船期和行船周期
1) 欧美乱码纸/废塑料运往中国主港的航运时间不得超过45天;
2) 欧美废纸运往中国主港的航运时间不得超过35天。
否则,卖方应该承担买方因为市场跌价造成的损失的50%。该跌价幅度计算,按照国际平均行情计算。

四、索赔
11、 买方提出索赔的时间
买方在货物到达后45日必须提出索赔;超过45日,卖方可以不接受买方的索赔
12、 卖方支付买方提出索赔的时间
在双方议定索赔之日起,卖方应该在15日内全部支付买方索赔金。时间计算,以买方银行收到卖方的银行电报单据为准;
索赔金不能按时支付,每超过一天,卖方应该追加索赔金总额的1%。
超过60日,卖方依然不支付买方索赔金,买方应该提出仲裁或向法院起诉。
13、 货到目的港后45日内,卖方不处理质量等问题引起的纠纷,买方应该提出仲裁或向法院起诉。
14、 仲裁或法院判决采用的法律,应该是买方国的法律;如果买方国的法律无据可依,应该采用当时的通用国际惯例处理。


CLAIM ADJUSTING FOR IMPORTING WASTE IN CHINA
A. PROBLEMS OF TARGET GOODS’ QUALITY
AA. MOISTURE PROBLEM
CLAIM STANDARDS:
aaa. the value of moisture;
aab. The charge of entry for moisture;
aac. The rotted target goods’ value due to the moisture in the shipping;
aad. The charge of entry of rotted target goods’ value due to the moisture in the shipping;
AB. SHORTAGE PROBLEM
CLAIM STANDARDS:
aba. the value of shortage;
abb. the charge of entry for the shortage;
AC. SUPER OUTTHROWS PROBLEM
CLAIM STANDARDS:
aca. the value of super outthrows;
acb. the charge of entry for the super outthrows;
AD. SUPER PROHIBITIVE PROBLEM
CLAIM STANDARDS:
ada. The value of super prohibitive;
adb. The charge of entry for super prohibitive;
adc. backtracking due to the super prohibitive problem:
adca. The seller should pay back all target goods’ value to the buyer;
adcb. The seller should pay the loss of the buyer: charge for entry, charge for port, charge
for bank, 10% value of target goods’ value;
AE. WRONG SHIPPED TARGET GOODS PROBLEM----THE SHIPPED
GOODS IS NOT SAME AS THE TARGET GOODS
CLAIM STANDARDS:
aea. The buyer can not accept the goods;
aeb. Seeking the solving way between the buyer and seller;
Under this situation, the buyer should let the third inspect company to give inspect
certificate.
AF. FROM AA TO AE ITEMS, IF THERE ARE MULTITERM, THEY WILL
BE ADDED TOGETHER;
AG. THE TEST WAY FOR SUPER MOISTURE, SUPER OUTTHROWS,
SUPER PROHIBITIVS,ETC.:
aga. In the destination port, when the buyer unloads the target goods from containers,
the buyer should give recorders as below:
agaa. B/L’s No;
agab. Containers’ No. and L/C’s No.;
agac. The quantity of bales(bags, pans, pallets , etc.) for super moisture, super
outthrows, super prohibitives; The extent for super moisture, super outthrows,
super prohibitives for every bales(bags, pans, pallets , etc.)
agad. The buyer should take pictures as recorders for these problems;
agb: the buyer should store the problem goods regularly and separately from other
goods, so that the seller and inspect company to inspect it;
agc: If the buyer could not do it as this, the seller can refuse to inspect it and pay the
claim;

B. PROBLEMS OF PAYMENT----AFTER THE BUYER OPENS THE L/C, THE SELLER TURN BACK THE L/C:
BA. THE SELLER SHOULD BEAR THE COST OF OPENING L/C
baa. The charge of bank: calculated by bank’s receipt;
bab. The cost of person’s opening L/C: 100usd/ set ;
BB. THE SELLER SHOULD BEAR ABOUT 3% OF TOTAL VALUE OF L/C AS
PENALTY OR THE SELLER SHOULD PAY THE COST BY THE CONTRACT’S
DEMANDS.

C. PROBLEMS OF SHIPMENT
CA. FREE TIME OF DETECTING FOR CONTAINERS:
caa. Not less than 14 days;
cab. If the seller books the ship, free time for detecting is less than 14 days, once it gets
demurrage from ship co. Port co. Custom,etc., the seller should bear it;
cac. If the seller’s L/C delaying, it gets demurrage, the buyers should bear it, or the seller should
gets more time from the shipping company.
CB. SHIPPING TIME AND SHIPPING PERIOD:
Cba. The time of shipping is not more than 45days for paper stock lots, waste plastic;
Cbb. The time of shipping is not more than 35days for waste paper;
Or , the seller should bear half of the loss of the market; the loss of cost will be
calculated by the international market;

D. CLAIM
DA. THE LIMIT TIME OF CLAIM OFFER FROM THE BUYER
In the 45 days, the buyer must give the seller claim offer if the buyer gets some problems in the
deal; or the seller cannot accept it;
DB. THE LIMIT TIME OF SELLER’S PAYMENT FOR CLAIM
After agreement for the claim, the seller should finish the payment in 15 days; the time
will be approved by the buyer’s bank’s information document;
If the seller cannot pay the claim in time, the seller should pay 0.5% of total claim money
every day; if the time is over 60days, the buyer should claim it upon the law court or apply the
China Chamber of International Commerce (CCOIC) to give adjustment.
DC. AFTER 45 DAYS THE GOODS GETS THE DESTINATION, THE SELLER DOES NOT SOLVE
THE PROBLEM,THE BUYER SHOULD CLAIM IT UPON THE LAW COURT OR
CCOIC.
THE LAW COURT AND CCOIC SHOULD OBEY THE CHINA LAW, IF THERE IS
NO CHINA LAW TO OBEY OR THE CHINA LAW IS NOT FIT TO
INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS, THEY SHOULD DO IT BY INTERNATIONAL
CONVENTIONS.